Hair laser care after hair transplantation, before the laser was first introduced to hair transplantation, it was used first in 1962 to seal a detachment in the retinal layer of the eye. A ruby laser was used.
Before the Ruby laser was used, an interesting effect was observed when Endre Mester was investigating whether it caused skin cancer in 1960. The laser did not cause skin cancer, but it did increase hair growth in the mice he tested.
The increase in hair growth in mice was later used to strengthen hair and increase hair growth after hair transplantation. Since then, many studies have been conducted on the effects of low-level laser treatments (LLLT) on the cellular dimension (biomodulation).
So how does hair transplantation benefit from Low Level laser treatments? An enzyme called Matrix metalloprotease 1 (MMP1) emerges in the cell nucleus. This enzyme ensures the elimination of metalloprostheses from the environment, which is responsible for tissue damage that occurs during many inflammations.
The result is tissue healing similar to that of tissues that have been debrided (surgically cleaned). When you think of tissue damage, don’t think of it as negative, hair transplantation is a surgery in itself and a kind of tissue trauma. In other words, Hair Transplantation with Low Energy Laser is a candidate for supportive treatment.
In addition, some stimulation via biomodulation and mitochondria stimulate growth factor production and of course, this production stimulates extracellular matrix deposition and cell proliferation. The result of all this is tissue regeneration. These are the magic words we want to hear in hair transplantation.
A look at the reflection of this biomodulation issue in medicine reveals that it has been used in many studies to correct the skin findings of chronic skin ulcers, alopecia (hair loss-baldness), herpes, active acne (acne), hyperemia and edema associated with other treatments, and even autoimmune diseases such as lupus.
Focusing on hair, which is our main topic in this article, some gene transcription (reading of genes) occurs with the MMP-1 enzyme that emerges in the cell nucleus, and with inflammatory modulation, the hair loss first slows down and stops, and if the roots are not dead, new hairs emerge; if they have been newly transplanted, new hairs appear.
Laser treatment ensures that the follicles take root faster and robustly. Considering this mechanism, it is seen that the LLLT application is a completely different application from PRP and hair mesotherapy. Of course, these treatments can still be combined.
The subject being hair, low-level laser treatment four times with an interval of one month is an adequate time to achieve results in the right patient.
Note: I would like to extends my thanks to Dr. Jasmina Kozarev whose book I have quoted from.